The Eastside is an urban region in Los Angeles County, California. It includes the Los Angeles City neighborhoods east of the Los Angeles River—that is, Boyle Heights, El Sereno, and Lincoln Heights—as well as unincorporated East Los Angeles.
East Los Angeles was founded in 1870 by John Strother Griffin (1816–1898), who was called "the father of East Los Angeles". He was said to have created the first suburb of the city of Los Angeles in Lincoln Heights after he purchased 2,000 acres of ranch land for $1,000 and in 1870, with his nephew, Hancock Johnson, erected houses on the site. That land was a rancho called La Rosa de Castilla, on the east side of the Los Angeles River, taking in the deserted hills between Los Angeles and Pasadena. In late 1874 the two men offered an additional thirty-five acres, divided into 65x165-foot lots, for $150 each. They planned the laying out of streets of the present community of East Los Angeles and gifted East Side Park (the present Lincoln Park) to the city of Los Angeles.
The Mapping L.A. project of the Los Angeles Times defines the Eastside as comprising Boyle Heights, El Sereno, Lincoln Heights, and East Los Angeles. However, the boundaries are a matter of perennial discussion and debate among the residents of Los Angeles.
The Mapping L.A. definition corresponds to the traditional boundaries, but, beginning in the early 21st century, residents of some of the rapidly gentrifying neighborhoods west of Downtown Los Angeles but on the eastern side of Central Los Angeles, such as Echo Park and Silver Lake, began to refer to their neighborhoods as part of the Eastside. This debate generated some friction, which, according to Ali Modarres, an expert on the geography of Los Angeles from the University of Washington Tacoma, is to be expected because neighborhood names are "full of meaning, nuances, history, cultural and political relationships". Eric Garcetti, the mayor of Los Angeles and a fourth generation resident, is a traditionalist, stating that "true east is east of downtown".
The Sixth Street Viaduct, also known as the Sixth Street Bridge was demolished. Prior to the demolition, Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti recorded the rap song "101SlowJam", backed by musicians from Roosevelt High School, and issued it via a video on his own YouTube channel. The public service announcement video advertised the closure of parts of the 101 Freeway to accommodate the demolition of the viaduct.
City of Los Angeles
The official East Area Planning Commission area of the City of Los Angeles is divided into the following communities:
- Boyle Heights
- Lincoln Heights
- El Sereno
- Northeast Los Angeles
- Silver Lake–Echo Park–Elysian Valley
Population and housing
The following data applies to the boundaries of the Eastside established by Mapping L.A.:
In 2000, 286,222 people lived in the 20.66 square miles of the Eastside region, amounting to 13,852 people per square mile. The neighborhood was "not especially diverse" ethnically, with a high percentage of Latinos. The ethnic breakdown was Latino, 91.2%; Asian, 5.2%, white, 2.3%; black, 0.7% and other, 0.6%. Just 5.1% of residents aged 25 and older had a four-year college degree. More than two-thirds (66.8%) of the inhabitants lived in shared housing, and 33.2% were homeowners.
- Latino Walk of Fame - East Los Angeles
- Mariachi Plaza - Boyle Heights
- El Mercado de Los Angeles - Boyle Heights
- Calvary Cemetery (Roman Catholic) - East Los Angeles
- Home of Peace Cemetery (Jewish) - East Los Angeles
- Evergreen Cemetery - Boyle Heights
- Estrada Courts Murals - Boyle Heights
- El Pino (The Pine Tree) - East Los Angeles
- John Strother Griffin (1816–1898), surgeon, founder of East Los Angeles, member of Los Angeles Common Council
- Dan Peña financial analyst on Wall Street
- Herb Alpert, musician, producer
- Narciso Botello (about 1813–1889) Mexican Army officer, California State Assembly member
- Anthony Quinn, actor
- Howard E. Dorsey, engineer, politician
- Jaime Escalante, educator
- Edward James Olmos, actor
- Luis J. Rodriguez, writer and activist
- Andy Russell, international recording artist
- Hope Sandoval, singer-songwriter
- will.i.am (William James Adams, Jr.), musician, producer, philanthropist
- Oscar De La Hoya, boxer
- Kid Frost, musician
- My Family/Mi Familia, Motion Picture of life in East Los Angeles
- Born in East L.A., motion picture
- Chicano, ethnic term
- East LA Classic, football game
- Blood In Blood Out, motion picture
- City Times in Los Angeles Times suburban sections
- Zoot Suit Riots, 1943
- Ten Latino neighborhoods in Los Angeles County
- Romo, Ricardo (1983). East Los Angeles: History of a Barrio. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-72041-6.
- "Jewish American Heritage". The Los Angeles Conservancy. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- Barrows, H.D. (1898). Memorial Sketch of Dr. John S. Griffin. Vol. 4. Los Angeles: University of California Press, Historical Society of Southern California. pp. 183–185. doi:10.2307/41167720. JSTOR 41167720.
- "Street Name". EastLosAngeles.net. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Founder of Cities. August 24, 1898. p. 1. ProQuest 163923464.
- Griffin, John S. (John Strother), 1816–1898. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013.
- "The Eastside". Mapping L.A. Los Angeles Times.
- Esmerelda Bermudez (February 18, 2014). "East is East, but Eastside is open to debate". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- Pedersen, Erik (January 28, 2016). "[WATCH] 101 Freeway Closure: LA Mayor Eric Garcetti Slow-Jams Reminder". Deadline. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- on YouTube
- Area Planning Commission (APC), Boundaries for the seven (7) Area Planning Commissions as established by Ordinance No. 173,492. Feature Layer by GIS@LADCP. Created: Feb 28, 2018. Updated: Dec 31, 2019.
- "Historic Resources Survey Report" (PDF). Northeast Los Angeles Community Plan Area. lacity.org.
- "Los Angeles Times Neighborhood Project". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- "Death of Narciso Botello". Los Angeles Herald. November 21, 1889. p. 2.
- "Anthony Quinn Public Library". Los Angeles County.
- "Reference file" (PDF). Los Angeles Public Library.
This file was compiled in 1937 by Works Progress Administration worker Clare Wallace from an interview with Dorsey on June 23 of that year and from newspaper articles.
- "Honoring a legendary teacher and his legacy". Los Angeles Herald. April 17, 2010.
- Bethel, Kari Francisco (2002). Henderson, Ashyia N. (ed.). Edward James Olmos. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale. p. 156. ISBN 0-7876-6538-X.
- "Luis J. Rodriguez".
- "The Official Website". Hope Sandoval.
- "will.i.am's Aha! Moment". Oprah.com. April 14, 2009.
- Huey, Steve (2006). "Frost Biography". allmusic. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- "CASA 0101 Theater".